Chinese living in Australia formed a number of different types of societies, tongs and associations. Many of these acted as benevolent organisations that provided financial support, assisted in conciliation and arbitration of disputes and raised money for disaster relief in China and depending on the organisation political activity in China. They can be loosely grouped into five main categories: county (membership based on place of origin), clan (membership based on family and surname), political (based on political position on Chinese affairs), trade or business (involvement in particular business or trade), pan Chinese (open to Chinese from any place or origin, including religious). It was possible to be a member of multiple organisations.
- Yong, C.F., New Gold Mountain: The Chinese in Australia 1901-1920, Raphael Arts, South Australia, 1977. Details
- Chinese Students' Club
- 1893 - 1933
- Australia - Victoria - Melbourne
Sources used to compile this entry: Yong, C.F., New Gold Mountain: The Chinese in Australia 1901-1920, Raphael Arts, South Australia, 1977.
Created: 11 July 2001, Last modified: 10 November 2005